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However, the fresh possible character of behavioral modulation of k-calorie burning inside inactive fishes could have been skipped

However, the fresh possible character of behavioral modulation of k-calorie burning inside inactive fishes could have been skipped

To investigate the puzzle of whether metabolic rate depression is involved in winter dormancy in fishes, we studied the cunner (Tautogolabrus adspersus), an abundant western North Atlantic wrasse. Like other temperate wrasses [16,29,30], cunner are winter-dormant: they www.datingranking.net/local-hookup/adelaide/ seek refuge within the substrate and become inactive when the ocean cools below approximately 5°C in autumn, and emerge at approximately 5°C the following early summer [31–33]. This winter dormancy in cunner has been associated with a large decrease in metabolic rate that occurs rapidly (within hours) below 5°C and is maintained over the winter [ten,18]. The Q10 of metabolic rate over the transition from active to dormant temperatures has been reported to be greater than 10 in cunner, as in other winter-dormant wrasses , whereas at warmer active temperatures, the Q10 is between 2 and 3, a typical value for fishes [10,34]. Based on this, and consistent with simultaneous reductions in tissue protein synthesis and suppression of appetite and digestion [33,36,37], metabolic rate depression has been implicated as a central component of winter dormancy in cunner. Using cunner as a model, we investigated the hypothesis that the mechanism underlying the energy savings (i.e. low metabolic rate) of winter dormancy in fishes is not metabolic rate depression, but rather a behavioural reduction in activity.

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An pre-op transgender woman, Obsidian wants to wear exudate garments, fetish goggles and a wide range of twisted footwear

An pre-op transgender woman, Obsidian wants to wear exudate garments, fetish goggles and a wide range of twisted footwear

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